The modern method of cataract extraction is named “phacoemulsification”. Operational microincision is less than 3 mm and reminds more a pinhole. Sutures are not needed. With the help of an ultrasound probe the clouded lens is crushed out into small particles that are simultaneously aspirated. After aspiration a soft artificial lens rolled as a tubule is introduced through the same incision with the help of a special injector. Pain relief is achieved by instillation of eye anesthetics. Operation lasts only 8 – 10 minutes.
Advantages of phacoemulsification
- Microincision – 3 mm instead of usually made 15 mm incision
- Duration of operation is only 8 minutes
- Painless and safe
- Minimum risk of complications
- Quick full rehabilitation
- Full ability to work in 10 days
Till recently indications to phacoemulsification were limited only to immature cataracts. But owing to new researches convened and introduced in the “Sight Recovery Center” it became possible to carry out operations in complicated cases – with patients with narrow pupils by glaucoma, mature (dense) cataracts, lens subluxation, cornea dystrophy, after different eye trauma and other diseases – earlier such operations were nowhere done.
During phacoemulsification in accordance with own original methods patients' vision acuity is 15 – 20% higher than after operations with big incision. Inferior vision acuity after operation may be explained exclusively by the presence of other changes in the eye, for instance, in retina, and the surgeon notifies a patient in advance about it.
We also carry out combined operations by glaucoma: removal of cataract and operation of glaucoma through one and the same surgical access. This method is developed and applied only in our center.